Most foals are born without any problems, which we are thankful for however it's a breeder's worst nightmare if something goes wrong.
Here are some suggestions in horse foal care so you can be prepared if such an event occurs. You should have tail bandages, disinfectant for the navel, access to warm water, clean towels and a thermometer ready for use when the foal is due.
You should know when the mare is expected to foal, most mares foal between 10pm and 6am so be more alert during these periods. Pregnancy (gestation) for ponies is normally 315 – 340 days ( 330 days as a guide), Thoroughbreds gestation is 320 – 360 days (340 days as a guide) while Donkeys usually last 360 – 380 days( 370 days as a guide).
A foaling box should be ideally 4m x 4m, it should have had a deep clean beforehand. The foaling box should have a dust free bedding. Clean fresh water should be available, always. Good quality hay should be available to the mare as and when she requires it.